Cusco, ancient capital of the Incan Empire, is definitely one of the most prominent destinations in Peru. The enigmatic complex of Machu Picchu is one of the most important and beautiful legacies of the ancient people of Peru. It’s part of the Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary. UNESCO declared it both a Cultural and Natural World Heritage Site in 1983. It can be reached from Lima by air or by bus. There are many ways to save costs like booking a trip while already in Peru, and eating a meal for less than $1 outside Cusco and Machu Picchu. Activities include archaeology, trekking, evening entertainment, cuisine, and paragliding. From: Peru: Empire of Hidden Treasures.