Approximately 150 km north of Cape Town, close to Langebaan, is the West Coast Fossil Park. The fossils found in this area date back to around 5 million years ago, times known as the late Miocene/early Pliocene periods. Many exotic animals like sabre-tooth cats, short-necked giraffes (called sivatheres) hunting hyenas, and African bears inhabited the area.
This area is now protected under the Benguela Current Convention, signed by South Africa, Angola and Namibia. It is aimed at the long-term conservation, protection, rehabilitation, and sustainable use of the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME). The area stretches from Port Elizabeth on the South African coastline to Cabinda in the north of Angola.